Natural gas is recognized as affordable and clean burning, as well as safe to store and transport.
LNG is odorless, colorless, non-toxic, non-corrosive, and non-flammable.
To transport natural gas, it first needs to be turned into its liquid form – LNG. This reduces its volume 600-fold and makes it practical to ship via specially designed LNG marine vessels.
To safely and efficiently transport natural gas to new markets, gas is cooled to -162°C, at which temperature it turns into a liquid. This liquefied natural gas is then stored at or around atmospheric pressure.
If LNG is inadvertently released, it quickly vaporizes as it warms, rises and disappears into the atmosphere, leaving no residue behind.
LNG cannot burn, as it doesn’t contain oxygen, which is needed to support combustion.
Why Use LNG?
LNG offers tremendous benefits for consumers and the environment: It is versatile, clean-burning, safe, and abundant. Once LNG is regasified it can be made available for a variety of uses.
Clean-burning: Natural gas emits less carbon dioxide than other fossil fuels
Safe: LNG’s physical and chemical properties – including the fact that it will not ignite in its liquid state – make it safer than other commonly used hydrocarbons.
Energy Independence: The U.S. has an abundance of natural gas.
Applications for LNG
Marine Fuel: Compared to oil-based alternatives currently used for marine fuel, LNG emits significantly lower levels of nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, particulate matter and carbon dioxide. New emissions standards, in addition to the low cost of natural gas compared to more conventional fuels, have encouraged the use of LNG as a marine fuel by the shipping industry in recent years. This growth is expected to continue significantly.